Common Medical Abbreviations, Accronyms and Symbols

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Ryan
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Common Medical Abbreviations, Accronyms and Symbols

Post by Ryan » Fri Jul 01, 2011 6:50 am

Not all specific to the CQB environment. Add to it as you see fit, it is not entirely finished yet.

Abbreviations:
A - Analysis.
ABE - Acute Bacterial Endocarditis.
ABLS - Advanced Basic Life Support.
ad - up to.
AED - Automated External Defibrillator.
A.M. - Ante Meridiem.
BBT - Basal Body Temperature (temperature during sleep/rest).
BLS - Basic Life Support.
b.i.d - Twice a day.
B.P - Blood Pressure.
BUN - Blood Urea Nitrogen.
BW - Biological Warfare.
C. - Celsius, centigrade.
CBC - Complete Blood Count.
cc. - cubic centimeter.
CHF - Congestive Heart Failure.
cm - centimeter.
C.N.S - Central Nervous System
COPD - Chronic Obstructure Pulmonary Disease.
CPR - Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
CT - Clotting time.
C.V.A - Costovertebral angle; cerebrovascular accident.
d. - day; daily.
DTR - deep tendon reflex.
D&C - dilatation and curretage.
DNR - Do Not Resuscitate, no CPR.
DOA - Dead On Arrival.
Dx - diagnosis.
E. coli - Escherichia coli.
Epi - Epinephrine.
e.g. - for example.
F. - Fahrenheit.
G.I - gastrointestinal.
GCS - Glasgow Coma Scale.
gr. - Grain.
gm - Gram.
gtt. - drops.
GU - genitourinary.
H2T - Head to toe examination.
h, - hour.
HB - hemoglobin.
HCI - hydrochloride.
HCT - hematocrit.
HEENT - head, eye, ear, nose & throat.
Hg - mercury.
h.s. - at bedtime.
Hx - history.
ID - intradermal, identify or identity.
I&D - incise & drain.
i.e. - that is, example.
IM - intramuscular.
Iv - intravenous.
IU - international unit.
kg. - kilogram.
L. - liter.
lab - laboratory.
lb - pound(s).
LLQ - left lower quadrant.
LOI - Last Oral Intake.
MCL - mid clavicular line.
med - medication, medical, medicine.
mEq. - milliequivalent.
mg. - milligram.
Mg - magnesium.
MI - Myocardial Infarction.
MIF - Merthiolate/iodine formaline solution.
min - minute.
ml. - milliter.
mm - millimeter.
M.U. - million units.
Morph - Morphine.
Na - sodium (natrium).
NBC - Nuclear, Biological, Chemical.
NG - Nasogastric.
NPN - nonprotein nitrogen.
N.P.O - nothing by mouth.
NIL - Nil by mouth. Same meaning as above.
N&V - nausea & vomiting.
NKA - No Known Allergies.
NKDA - No Known Drug Allergies, but may have other allergies, i.e. food, pollen, etc.
NO PEN - Penicillin allergy.
NO PCN - Penicillin allergy, less used form. Same meaning as above.
O. - objective findings.
OD - overdose.
oz. - ounce.
O2 - oxygen.
P. - plan of treatment.
p.c. - after meals.
P.E. - physical exam.
pH - hydrogen in concerntration.
PID - pelvic inflammatory disease.
PM - preventive medicine.
P.M.I. - point of maximum impulse.
P.M.N. - polymorphonuclear neutrophileukocytes.
P.O. - by mouth.
P02 - partial pressure oxygen.
PP - pulsus paradoxus.
P.P.D. - purified protein derivative.
PPE - Personal Protective Equipment.
PPM. - parts per million.
p.r.n. - as required or as needed.
psi - pounds per squad inch.
PTB - primary tuberculosis.
p.v. - through the vagina.
q. - every.
q.d. - every day.
q. h. - every X hours.
q.i.d. - four times a day.
q.s. - sufficent quantity.
qt. - quart.
S. - subject findings.
SBE - Subactuve Bacterial Endocarditis.
sec - second.
sed. - sedimentation.
SLR - straight leg raise.
sp. gr. - specific gravity.
spp. - species.
SQ - subcutaneous.
S and S - signs and symptoms.
stat. - immediately.
STS - serologic test for syphilis.
Sx - symptoms.
T. - temperature.
TQ - Tourniquet.
tab. - tablet.
TB - tuberculosis.
t.i.d. - three times a day.
Tx - treatment.
U. - unit.
URI - upper respiratory infection.
UTI - urinary tract infection.
VD - venereal disease.
VS - Vital Signs.
W.B.C. - white blood cell, white blood count.
W.H.O. - World Health Organisation.
wo - without.
wt. - weight.

Symbols:
> - Greater than.
< - Less than.
Arrow pointing up - increase.
Arrow pointing down - Decrease.
CQB-TEAM Education and Motivation.

"Pragmatism over theory."
"Anyone with a weapon is just as deadly as the next person."
"Unopposed CQB is always a success, if you wanted you could moonwalk into the room holding a Pepsi."

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Ryan
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Re: Common Abbreviations and Symbols

Post by Ryan » Sat Feb 09, 2013 1:08 am

MARCH - Massive hemorrhaging, Airway, Respiration, Circulation and Hypothermia (casualty assessment)
CQB-TEAM Education and Motivation.

"Pragmatism over theory."
"Anyone with a weapon is just as deadly as the next person."
"Unopposed CQB is always a success, if you wanted you could moonwalk into the room holding a Pepsi."

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tacticalguy
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Re: Common Abbreviations and Symbols

Post by tacticalguy » Sun Feb 10, 2013 5:45 am

ATLS- Advanced Trauma Life Support
BTLS- Basic Trauma Life Support
DCAP-BTLS- Mnemonic for soft tissue assessment
Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Penetrations
Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling
(U.S. usage)
LOC- Level of Consciousness
Subcutaneous- Sub Q
OPQRST- Onset, Provocation or Palliation, Quality of pain, Region and Radiation, Severity, Time (how long has it lasted?)
If you have `cleared' all the rooms and met no resistance, you and your entry team have probably kicked in the door of the wrong house.
(Murphy's Cop Laws)

The greatest enemy of a good plan is the dream of a perfect plan. (Von Clausewitz)

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Re: Common Abbreviations and Symbols

Post by Ryan » Wed May 01, 2013 1:51 am

tacticalguy wrote: OPQRST- Onset, Provocation or Palliation, Quality of pain, Region and Radiation, Severity, Time (how long has it lasted?)
Best one. Way better than "SOCRATES".

Splinting mnemonic

S - Splint before moving

A - Analgesia before splint

D - Dress all wounds prior to splinting

R - Realign if possible without causing further damage or vascular compromise

I - Immobilise joint above and below injury

O - Observations and distal vascular perfusion

SADRIO
CQB-TEAM Education and Motivation.

"Pragmatism over theory."
"Anyone with a weapon is just as deadly as the next person."
"Unopposed CQB is always a success, if you wanted you could moonwalk into the room holding a Pepsi."

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Ryan
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Re: Common Medical Abbreviations and Symbols

Post by Ryan » Mon Jun 24, 2013 1:49 am

Image

Roman Numerals. For study purposes, especially when learning the cranial nerves.
CQB-TEAM Education and Motivation.

"Pragmatism over theory."
"Anyone with a weapon is just as deadly as the next person."
"Unopposed CQB is always a success, if you wanted you could moonwalk into the room holding a Pepsi."

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Ryan
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Re: Common Medical Abbreviations and Symbols

Post by Ryan » Fri Jul 12, 2013 2:22 am

MARCH/H-PAWS
M-Massive Bleeding
A- Airway
R- Respiration
C- Circulation
H- Head and Hypothermia
P- Pain
A- Antibiotics
W- Wounds
S- Splinting
MARCH-PAWS.

MAPCODE - Monitor, Antibiotics, Pain relief, Communicate, Oxygen (consider), Document, Evacuate...
CQB-TEAM Education and Motivation.

"Pragmatism over theory."
"Anyone with a weapon is just as deadly as the next person."
"Unopposed CQB is always a success, if you wanted you could moonwalk into the room holding a Pepsi."

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Ryan
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Joined: Sun Apr 10, 2011 3:10 am
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Re: Common Abbreviations and Symbols

Post by Ryan » Sun Nov 10, 2013 5:07 am

tacticalguy wrote: DCAP-BTLS- Mnemonic for soft tissue assessment
Deformities
Contusions
Abrasions
Penetrations
Burns
Tenderness
Lacerations
Swelling
(U.S. usage)
We use it. I modify it.

Deformities/Fractures
Contusions/Colour
Abrasions
Penetrations/Punctures/Pressure Areas
Burns/Bleeding/Bites
Tenderness/Temperature [Limb, distally]
Lacerations/Rashes
Swelling/Stings/Skin Integrity

BPDOC is also good...

Bleeding
Pain/Punctures
Deformities
Open Wounds
Crepitus

Always looking for fractures, lacerations, swelling, deformities, bruising, bites, stings, rashes, infections, wounds, skin integrity, pressure areas. Recheck for medi-alert tags. Be sure to note limb temperature, colour, distal vascular palpation.

From the head: Obvious fractures, boggy masses, battle's sign or other signs. Check nose for blood, ears for blood or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), mouth for bleeding, further unseen obstructions such as vomitus, blood [post-primary survey].
Visually inspect neck: Distended neck veins, tracheal deviation, can palpate the carotid.
Move to C-Spine: Dislocates, herniation, crepitus, tenderness or pain.
[Initially move onto front of body]
Move to upper chest: Rise and fall, punctures, obvious haemotomas, bleeding or injury.
Move to upper limbs: Crepitus, dislocation, so forth. Repeats a lot!
[Now ready to log roll and check back - if not then move onto abdomen and lower limbs]
Log roll. Check back: Feel down the spine. Observe gloves for any blood or CSF.
[Move back to supine]
Abdomen check: Distension, pain, palpate superficial to deep and back.
Pelvis and lower limbs: Similar to upper.





M- massive bleeds
A- airway
R- respiration
C- circulation
H- hypothermia/head
P- pain control
A- antibiotics
W- wounds/bandaging
S- splinting

H- hydration
I- infections and increased compartment pressures
T- tube management and tidy up
M- Medications
A- analgesia
N- nutrition including ng/og tubes

A - Ask - don't forget to talk to the casualty, listen what they have to say
F - Fluids
I - Infection
T - Tubes
A - Analgesia
R - Records
S - Sanitation
E - Environment
CQB-TEAM Education and Motivation.

"Pragmatism over theory."
"Anyone with a weapon is just as deadly as the next person."
"Unopposed CQB is always a success, if you wanted you could moonwalk into the room holding a Pepsi."

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