L.I.N.E. (LINES, L.I.N.E.S.)
Posted: Thu Nov 22, 2012 2:26 am
L.I.N.E. -- U.S.M.C. (FMFM 0 7) is the previous H2H system used by the Marine Corps. The major reasons for changing to the MCMAP was the need for a combatives system that had more non lethal techniques. L.I.N.E. is an aggressive system of techniques designed to permanently incapacitate or kill one's opponent.
L.I.N.E. (FMFM 0 7) is a close quarters combat system, derived from various martial arts, used by the United States Marine Corps between 1989 and 1998, and then from 1998 through to 2007 for the US Army Special Forces. It was developed by retired combat arms Marine Ron Donvito.
Officially, the name stands for Linear Infighting Neural Override Engagement; this is, however, a backronym coined during the project's inception.
The system was designed to be executed within specific and stringent combat oriented conditions:
(a.) all techniques must not be vision dominant; techniques may be executed effectively in low light conditions, or other impaired visibility conditions (i.e., smoke or gas)
(b.) extreme mental and physical fatigue
(c.) usable by the Marine / soldier while wearing full combat gear
(d.) proper execution of the techniques must cause death to the opponent
(e.) gender neutrality; must be usable by and against either gender
These parameters are viewed as the most likely conditions that a combat Marine/Soldier would face in close range combat, since most close combat engagements were likely to occur at night or under reduced visibility, while the Marine was fatigued and wearing his combat load, and when facing asymmetrical odds, such as a numerically superior force. These requirements meant that many flamboyant techniques, exotic kicks, or movements requiring extraordinary feats of strength or agility were excluded from consideration under the LINE system. Techniques like classic judo "hip throws", for instance, were excluded because of the possibility of entanglement on a practitioner's war belt.
The system's techniques were designed to be easily learned and retained through repetition. The requirement and demands that the system be drilled, repeated, and constantly revisited has led to some criticism since the primary users military and special operations personnel often have enormous demands upon their time, and as a consequence often lacked the ability to maintain high degrees of proficiency in the techniques.
The LINE Combatives system is presently sought by advanced students, officers, and military personnel throughout the special operations, high risk law enforcement, government agency, and private contractor industries.
"Option One: disengage to regain projectile weapon range.
Option Two: gain a controlling position and utilize a secondary weapon.
Option Three: close the distance and gain control to finish the fight."